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Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma, Mr
Date of Birth: 12 April
President of the Republic of
South Africa since 9 May 2009.
President of the African National Congress (ANC) since 20
Positions last Held
Executive Deputy President of the Republic of South Africa (
17 June 1999 - 22 June 2005).
Leader of Government Business in the National Assembly (June
Deputy President of the ANC (December 1997).
Chairperson of the South African National Aids Council.
Chancellor at the University of Zululand.
Patron of the Jacob Zuma Bursary Fund ( 1998).
Patron of the Peace and Reconstruction Foundation.
Patron of Albert Luthuli Education and Development Foundation.
Heavily influenced by a family member who was a trade
unionist, he became involved in Politics at an early age.
Joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1958.
Became an active member of Umkhonto we Sizwe (1962).
Whilst on his way out of the country, he was arrested with a
group of 45 recruits near Zeerust in North West Province (1963).
Convicted of conspiring to overthrow the government , he was
sentenced to 10 years imprisonment on Robben Island (1963).
After his release in December 1973, he worked to mobilise
internal resistance and was instrumental in the re-establishment
of ANC underground structures in the then Natal, now KwaZulu-Natal
(1974 - 1975).
Left South Africa in 1975 and for the next 12 years was based
first in Swaziland and then Mozambique. During this period he was
involved in underground work with President Mbeki and the others
giving leadership to the ANC structures operating inside South
Africa. He also dealt with the thousands of young exiles that
poured out of South Africa in the wake of the Soweto uprising in
Lived in several African countries working for the ANC and
rose rapidly through the ranks to become a member of the National
Executice Committee (NEC) of the ANC (1977).
Served as Deputy Chief Representative and later Chief
Representative of the ANC in Mozambique until 1984, the year of
the signing of the Nkomati Accord between the Mozambican and South
Served on the ANC's Military Committee and Political Committee
when formed in the mid 80's.
Appointed Head of the Underground Structures and shortly
thereafter, Chief of Intelligence Department at the ANC Head
Office in Lusaka, Zambia (1987).
He was one of the first ANC leaders to return to South Africa
to begin the process of negotiation, following the unbanning of
the ANC (1990).
Instrumental in organising the Groote-Schuur Minute between
the FW de Klerk Government and the ANC that reached important
decisions about the return of exiles and the release of political
Elected Chairperson of the Southern Natal and took a leading
role in fighting violence in the region, this resulted in a number
of Peace Accords involving the ANC and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
Elected the Deputy Secretary-General of the ANC during the
National Conference held in South Africa after the unbanning of
the organisation in 1991.
Deployed in KwaZulu-Natal because he felt that he had a role
to play in bringing about peace and stability in the then highly
volatile region (1994).
Nominated as the ANC candidate for the Premiership of the KZN
Appointed member of the Executive Committee (MEC) of Economic
Affairs and Tourism for the KZN Provincial Government (1994).
Elected National Chairperson of the ANC and Chairperson of the
ANC in KZN (December 1994).
Nelson Mandela Award for Outstanding Leadership in Washington
DC, USA (1998).
Honorary Doctorate of Literature from the University of Fort
Honorary Doctorate of Administration from the University of
Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy from Medical University of
Southern Africa (2001).
Source: Executive Deputy President
Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa, Mr
Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa was born on 17 November 1952 in
Johannesburg. His family was moved from Western Native Township to
Soweto in 1962, where he attended Tshilidzi Primary School. He
completed his high school at Mphaphuli High School in Sibasa, Venda
He began his studies at the University of the North in 1972, where
he became involved in student politics, joining the South African
Student Organisation (SASO) and the Black Peopleˇ¦s Convention (BPC).
He was detained in 1974 for organising pro-Frelimo rallies that
were held to celebrate the independence of Mozambique. He was
detained for the second time in 1976 following the Soweto student
He became the first general secretary of the National Union of
Mineworkers in 1982. In 1991, he was elected African National
Congress (ANC) Secretary General and subsequently became head of the
ANC team that negotiated the transition to democracy. Following the
countryˇ¦s first democratic elections in 1994, he was elected
chairperson of the Constitutional Assembly, which wrote South
Africa's new democratic constitution.
He moved into the private sector in 1996, and in 2001 founded
Shanduka Group. Ramaphosa holds a law degree from the University of
South Africa. He has received several honorary doctorates from local
and international universities. He received the Olof Palme prize in
Stockholm in 1987 and was included among the Time 100 Most
Influential People in the World in 2007. He was awarded the National
Order of the Baobab in Silver in 2009 for his contribution to the
multiparty negotiations and for chairing the Constitutional
Assembly. He was also the deputy chairperson of the National
In December 2012, he was elected ANC Deputy President. He was
appointed Deputy President of the Republic of South Africa on 25 May